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How much does it cost to start?


How much does it cost to start a framing business? What equipment is necessary for this job?

How much does it cost to open a frame shop? The answer is not simple. It may depend on the sizes that you want to give to your new business or on the direction that you want to assign. For example, a store with main activity of gallery of paintings has equipment costs different from a shop where the main activity is to framing. Furthermore, the job of framer can be crafted character or can take the form of series production.
The framer activity, finally, can start from scratch or be joined to an already existing activity in a related field.
For example, an already existing painting gallery could decide to add a framing service. Another common example is that of the photographer or the glazier who want to expand his business.
The series is very large so that even the calculation of installation costs is subject to many variables.
For reasons of simplicity we schematically reduced to two cases:
1) A very small workshop for hobby framing
2) Opening of a small shop for framing

HOBBY FRAMING

DIY has been becoming more and more popular and supermarkets that provide equipment and DIY materials are increasingly spread.
Let us consider the case of those who would gear up to make their own frames alone and maybe even for friends.
This category may also include the painters who decide to take your own frames.
The first step is cutting at 45° of the 4 pieces of the frame.
The easiest and least expensive way is to buy the tool that facilitates the 45° cut.
The Rinaldin proposes one, but you can find more in the DIY stores or hardware stores.
The alternative is to buy a hand saw, like the one found in the catalog Rinaldin.

Attrezzo per tagliare aste

Sega manuale per hobby

Tool for cutting mouldings at 45° or 90° Manual Saw for hobby
code TS400 - € 5 code 12080 - € 65

After cutting, it would be very useful a sander used to smooth and refine the cut at 45°, especially if the saw is used is poor. Rinaldin proposes the sander F2002 produced by Logan.

Logan F2002

Precision Sander "Logan F2002"
code F2002 - € 150
Click here to watch the video

The easiest method of assemble the 4 pieces of the frame is to use only glue and rubber bands.
As for the glue you can use the normal vinyl glue. For the rubber bands you can choose between those of para or latex.

Elastici

Elastic frame-clamping bands        Rubber rings

Another method is to use a clamp to hold the two pieces of the moulding while you fix them with glue and staples.

Morsetto

Clamp to hold the two pieces of the moulding
code F49 - € 41
Click here to watch the video

To switch to more professional assembly methods, the Rinaldin has a choice of five different underpinners.


Kit for beginners "PFK4" Underpinner "Studio Joiner" Underpinner "Pro Joiner"  
code PFK4 - € 73 code F3001 - € 118 code F3002 - € 240  
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video

M4 M4
Underpinner Framers Corner "M4"
Underpinner Minigraf "A2M"
code M4 - € 760
code U200 - € 795
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video  

The cutting and assembling of the 4 pieces of the frame form the basic equipment of a small hobby workshop.
Let us see what equipment is used for the other operations of the frame.

For the glass cutting a glass cutter and a square is enough. The cost of a glass cutter with oil tank is about 20 euro.
A square for glass of 110 cm costs 33 Euro.

For the cutting of cardboard and mountboards a simple cutter of a few euro is enough.

To bevel cutting of the mat Rinaldin proposes the following matboard cutters produced by Logan:

"Logan 301" cutter
"Logan 350" cutter
Cutting length cm 73 - € 110
Cutting length cm 81 - € 140
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video
 
"Logan 450" cutter
"Logan 750" cutter
Cutting length cm 102 - € 225
Cutting length cm 100 - € 390
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video  

 

For the cutting of ovals and rounds you can choose between the "Oval / Circle" of Fletcher and the "Logan201". This tool, however, is not indispensable for the hobbyist.


Oval/circle
Logan 201
 
"Fletcher Oval/Circle" cutter
"Logan 201" cutter
€ 89
€ 53
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video

To secure the cardboard to the frame we advise a stapler that fires brads, such as the F18, or the Frame Master and the T225 or T225 that fire tabs.

F18 FrameMaster T225  
Tab driver "F18"
Tab driver "Frame Master"
Tab driver "T225"
€ 59
€ 77
€ 29

Then you need other commonly used tools as pincers, pliers, hammer, scissors, cutters with breakable blades, adhesive tape dispenser, etc.

Tagliavetri Trincetto DistributoreBanco  
Toyo glass cutters
Breakable bladed cutters
Sellotape

From the above it is clear that it is not easy to calculate the installation cost of a small workshop of hobby framing. The choice of equipment, in fact, can affect in a consistent way the total cost. We here are two examples:

Hobby workshop with limited equipment:

 

Manual saw

€     50

 

Polisher F2002 by Logan

€   150

 

Underpinner Studio Joiner by Logan

€   118

 

Cutter "Logan 301" -  60 cm

€   110

 

Tab driver F18

€     59

 

Glass cutter

€     20

 

TOTAL

€   507 + transport

Hobby workshop with good equipment:

 

Manual Saw

€    100

 

Polisher F2002 by Logan

€    150

 

Underpinner M4 by Framers Corner

€    760

 

Cutter "Logan 450" -  102 cm

€    225
  Oval cutter Logan 201 €      53

 

Tab driver F18

€      59

 

Glass cutter Toyo

€      20

 

TOTAL

€ 1.367 + transport

INSTALLATION OF A SMALL WORKSHOP OF A FRAMER

First you have to buy a machine for cutting at 45° the mouldings, namely a guillotine or a circular saw.
The choice is not easy. The guillotine has the advantage not to make powder, to be silent, to make simultaneously the right and left cut.
Rinaldin proposes the guillotine “Morso F" that is the best known and most used guillotine in the world.
Ghigliottina Morso F
Guillotine Morso "F"
code 381F - € 2.050
Click here to watch the video

The saw has the advantage of more easily cut big mouldings especially if the wood is particularly tender. The price of a guillotine is roughly equivalent to that of a saw equipped with a dust collector system and measuring tables.

Rinaldin offers two circular saws: Omga 1P300 and Pegic gp350.
The Omga 1P300 can cut mouldings up to a width of 10 cm.
The Pegic 350 can cut up to a width of 13 cm. It is also more solid and professional.

Sega 1P300
Sega 1P300FS
Mitre saw Omga "1P300"
Basement and accessories
code 1P300 - € 1.220 about € 1.300
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video
Sega GP350
Sega GP350B
Mitre saw"Pegic GP350"
Basement and accessories
code GP350 - € 1.550 about € 1.300

An alternative to the purchase of the guillotine or the saw could be the "Chop Service". It consists in the purchase of mouldings already cut at 45° to the required sizes. Abroad (especially in USA) the chop service is heavily used. Statistics say that more than 80% of American framers buy with this system.

To join the frames you need an underpinner. There are various types on the market. For a small framer workshop a simple air underpinner is sufficient.

Minigraf 3
Freccia 2000
Underpinner U300
Underpinner Freccia 2000
code U300 - € 1.450 code F2000 - € 1.230
Click here to watch the video Click here to watch the video

To operate the air underpinner you need a compressor which can also be used for other machines and, in particular, for air guns and air staplers.
The compressor must be at least 24 liters, and possibly noiseless.

Compressore SilAir
Silenced compressor SIL-AIR 50/24
code 343 - € 460

The small equipment includes:
Staplers. Indispensable a manual stapler like the F18 or the Frame Master that fire brads. Also indispensable manual stapler like Rapid or Rocama that fire steel staples.

F18 FrameMaster
F18 nailer
Tab driver Frame Master
€ 59 € 77
Rapid
Rocama
Stapler Rapid
Stapler Rocama
€ 52 € 48

Glass Cutter. To cut the glass there is no alternative: the glass cutter Toyo has become a standard.

Square for glass. They come in various sizes. Better to have two, one large and one small.

Knife for cardboard. To cut the cardboard the best solution would be a professional cardboard guillotine but, because of its relatively high cost, perhaps a simple fixed blade knife could be enough.

Mount cutters. In addition to cutters seen above, we can add these two, which are more professional:
KeencutUltimat
ArtistPlus
Mountcutter Keencut "Ultimat Futura"
Mountcutter Logan "850-855-860"
Cutting length cm 122 - € 1.450 Cutting length cm 102 - € 1.050
Cutting length cm 122 - € 1.150
Cutting length cm 152 - € 1.280
Click here to watch the video

Small equipment. It includes tongs, pliers, hammer, scissors, cutters, adhesive tape dispenser, etc.

Display system of corner samples. The display of the corner samples in a store is very important. The modular display system realized by Rinaldin has now become a standard. The system for a sampling of 800 corner samples costs about 300 Euro (excluding samples).

 

EsposizioneAste
Presentation system of corner samples created by Rinaldin
Click here to watch the video

The total cost of machines and equipment is shown in the following table:

 

Saw or guillotine (with extension and spare blade)

€ 2.100

 

Pneumatic underpinner (average price)

€ 1.500

 

Silenced 24 liter compressor

€    460

 

Toyo glass cutter

€      20
  2 triangles for glass €      58

 

Manual nailer (F18 or Frame Master)

€      59

 

Manual tacker (Rocama or similar)

€      48

 

Bevel cutter for cartons (average price)

€ 1.200
  Lowe scissors for slips and spacers €      41
  Logan cutter for oval bevel cuts €      53
  Various small equipment €    200
  Presentation system for corner samples €    300
  NET TOTAL € 6.039   
  Transport (average cost) €    150
  GENERAL TOTAL € 6.189

These are average prices taken from the catalog Rinaldin 2017. Note that in the count no cost was included in relation to working benches, electric utility costs, heating, telephone etc. There were not even included the costs of the shop counter, showcase, lighting, heating, computer and software for framers, etc.
These, in facts are elements subject to numerous variables from case to case that a beginning framer must personally evaluate. However, we believe that a total cost of these elements should amount to at least 5,000 euro.

Of course the equipment is not enough to manage a laboratory of frames. It also wants the materials.
We see very briefly the materials used in the workshop of the beginner.
First of all the mouldings. A minimum assortment of mouldings consists of about 20 meters of moulding for about 30 models. At an average price of 4 euro per meter the total is about 2,400.
We have seen that the alternative could be, at least initially, the Chop Service, namely the purchase of mouldings already cut at 45° in the required sizes.
A purchase advisable for the beginners is a series of corner samples for display in the store (even without keeping the mouldings). The complete set of corner samples of Rinaldin (about 800 models) costs 340 €.
As for the glass we take as a basis the average cost of a crate of 500 square meters at 3 euro per sq m. The mouldings and the glass are the most relevant entries of the workshop as shown in the following scheme:

 

Mouldings (approx. 20 meters per 30 models)

€ 2.400

 

Samples of mouldings

€    350

 

Glass (one box)

€ 1.500

 

Gray carton

€    150
  Mountboards €    300

 

Canvas for fabric mountboards

€    100

 

Various small equipment

€    100

 

Wedges for underpinner

€    100
  Other various materials €    600
  TOTAL € 5.600

The beginner must take into account that then to safely handle a store you need some working capital to meet financial commitments and contingencies that are certainly present in the first few months.
We think that working capital should not be less than EUR 7,000. The lack of working capital is the main cause of the high infant mortality rate of businesses.
In the following scheme we briefly outline the figures:

 

Machines and equipment

€   7.500

 

Establishment price

€   5.000

 

Initial purchase of materials

€   5.600

 

Working capital

€   7.000
  TOTAL € 25.100

An approximate total of 25,100 Euros (plus VAT) represents the minimum capital that a beginner should dispose if he wish to open a store from scratch.
The amounte may vary considerably depending on the circumstances. If, for example, the framer activities is joined to an existing line?? the amount should be reduced by about 8,000 euro because it is assumed that there is already a working capital and that some of the various expenses of installation has already been performed.

For reasons of simplicity we have shown only two cases. Obviously, there are intermediate positions that the aspirant framer may adopt depending on the circumstances and financial availability.